The ability to compute SCF and MP2 energies and forces at reduced cost makes dual-basis calculations
attractive for ab initio molecular dynamics simulations, which are described in Section 9.9.
Dual-basis BOMD has demonstrated
J. Phys. Chem. A
(2010), 114, pp. 11853. savings of 58%, even relative to state-of-the-art, Fock-extrapolated BOMD. Savings are further increased to 71% for dual-basis RI-MP2 dynamics. Notably, these timings outperform estimates of extended Lagrangian (“Car-Parrinello”) dynamics, without detrimental energy conservation artifacts that are sometimes observed in the latter. 443 J. Chem. Phys.
(2004), 121, pp. 11542.
Two algorithm improvements make modest but worthwhile improvements to dual-basis dynamics. First,
the iterative, small-basis calculation can benefit from Fock matrix extrapolation.
J. Chem. Phys.
(2004), 121, pp. 11542. Second, extrapolation of the response equations (“-vector” equations) for nuclear forces further increases efficiency. 1044 Chem. Phys. Lett.
(2010), 500, pp. 167. (See Section 9.9.) Q-Chem automatically adjusts to extrapolate in the proper basis set when DUAL_BASIS_ENERGY is activated.