Q-Chem also includes a novel basis set projection method developed by Dr Jing Kong of Q-Chem Inc. It permits a calculation in a large basis set to bootstrap itself up via a calculation in a small basis set that is automatically spawned when the user requests this option. When basis set projection is requested (by providing a valid small basis for BASIS2), the program executes the following steps:
A simple DFT calculation is performed in the small basis, BASIS2, yielding a converged density matrix in this basis.
The large basis set SCF calculation (with different values of EXCHANGE and CORRELATION set by the input) begins by constructing the DFT Fock operator in the large basis but with the density matrix obtained from the small basis set.
By diagonalizing this matrix, an accurate initial guess for the density matrix in the large basis is obtained, and the target SCF calculation commences.
Two different methods of projection are available and can be set using the BASISPROJTYPE $rem. The OVPROJECTION option expands the MOs from the BASIS2 calculation in the larger basis, while the FOPPROJECTION option constructs the Fock matrix in the larger basis using the density matrix from the initial, smaller basis set calculation. Basis set projection is a very effective option for general basis sets, where the SAD guess is not available. In detail, this initial guess is controlled by the following $rem variables:
BASIS2
Sets the small basis set to use in basis set projection.
TYPE:
STRING
DEFAULT:
No second basis set default.
OPTIONS:
Symbol. Use standard basis sets as per Chapter 8.
BASIS2_GEN
General BASIS2
BASIS2_MIXED
Mixed BASIS2
RECOMMENDATION:
BASIS2 should be smaller than BASIS. There is little advantage to using
a basis larger than a minimal basis when BASIS2 is used for initial guess purposes.
Larger, standardized BASIS2 options are available for dual-basis calculations
(see Section 4.7).
BASISPROJTYPE
Determines which method to use when projecting the density matrix of
BASIS2
TYPE:
STRING
DEFAULT:
FOPPROJECTION (when DUAL_BASIS_ENERGY=false)
OVPROJECTION (when DUAL_BASIS_ENERGY=true)
OPTIONS:
FOPPROJECTION
Construct the Fock matrix in the second basis
OVPROJECTION
Projects MOs from BASIS2 to BASIS.
RECOMMENDATION:
None
Note: BASIS2 sometimes affects post-Hartree-Fock calculations. It is recommended to split such jobs into two subsequent one, such that in the first job a desired Hartree-Fock solution is found using BASIS2, and in the second job, which performs a post-HF calculation, SCF_GUESS = READ is invoked.
$molecule 0 1 O H 1 r H 1 r 2 a r 0.9 a 104.0 $end $rem METHOD mp2 BASIS general BASIS2 sto-3g $end $basis O 0 S 3 1.000000 3.22037000E+02 5.92394000E-02 4.84308000E+01 3.51500000E-01 1.04206000E+01 7.07658000E-01 SP 2 1.000000 7.40294000E+00 -4.04453000E-01 2.44586000E-01 1.57620000E+00 1.22156000E+00 8.53955000E-01 SP 1 1.000000 3.73684000E-01 1.00000000E+00 1.00000000E+00 SP 1 1.000000 8.45000000E-02 1.00000000E+00 1.00000000E+00 **** H 0 S 2 1.000000 5.44717800E+00 1.56285000E-01 8.24547000E-01 9.04691000E-01 S 1 1.000000 1.83192000E-01 1.00000000E+00 **** $end