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9.3 Constrained Optimization

9.3.3 Frozen Atoms

(February 4, 2022)

Absolute atom positions can be frozen with the FIXED section. The section starts with the FIXED keyword as the first line and ends with the ENDFIXED keyword on the last. The format to fix a coordinate or coordinates of an atom is:

atom    coordinate_reference

coordinate_reference can be any combination of up to three characters X, Y and Z to specify the coordinate(s) to be fixed: X, Y, Z, XY, XZ, YZ, XYZ. The fixing characters must be next to each other. e.g.,

2 XY

means the x-coordinate and y-coordinate of atom 2 are fixed, whereas

2 X Y

will yield erroneous results.

Note:  When the FIXED section is specified within $opt, the optimization will proceed in Cartesian coordinates.