7.9 Correlated Excited State Methods: The ADC(n) Family

7.9.3 Spin Opposite Scaling ADC(2) Models

The spin-opposite scaling (SOS) approach originates from MP2 where it was realized that the same spin contributions can be completely neglected, if the opposite spin components are scaled appropriately. In a similar way it is possible to simplify the second order ADC equations by neglecting the same spin contributions in the ADC matrix, while the opposite-spin contributions are scaled with appropriate semi-empirical parameters.363, 995, 491

Starting from the SOS-MP2 ground state the same scaling parameter cT=1.3 is introduced into the ADC equations to scale the t2 amplitudes. This alone, however, does not result in any computational savings or substantial improvements of the ADC(2) results. In addition, the opposite spin components in the ph/2p2h and 2p2h/ph coupling blocks have to be scaled using a second parameter cc to obtain a useful SOS-ADC(2)-s model. With this model the optimal value of the parameter cc has been found to be 1.17 for the calculation of singlet excited states.995

To extend the SOS approximation to the ADC(2)-x method yet another scaling parameter cx for the opposite spin components of the off-diagonal elements in the 2p2h/2p2h block has to be introduced. Here, the optimal values of the scaling parameters have been determined as cc=1.0 and cx=0.9 keeping cT unchanged.491

The spin-opposite scaling models can be invoked by setting METHOD to either SOSADC(2) or SOSADC(2)-x. By default, the scaling parameters are chosen as the optimal values reported above, i.e. cT=1.3 and cc=1.17 for ADC(2)-s and cT=1.3, cc=1.0, and cx=0.9 for ADC(2)-x. However, it is possible to adjust any of the three parameters by setting ADC_C_T, ADC_C_C, or ADC_C_X, respectively.