It is important to be able to optimize geometries using pseudopotentials and for this purpose Q-Chem contains analytical first derivatives of the nuclear potential energy term for ECPs.

The ECP package is also integrated with the vibrational analysis package and it is therefore possible to compute the vibrational frequencies (and hence the infrared and Raman spectra) of systems in which some of the atoms may bear ECPs.

Q-Chem cannot calculate analytic second derivatives of the nuclear potential-energy term when ECPs are used, and must therefore resort to finite difference methods. However, for HF and DFT calculations, it can compute analytic second derivatives for all other terms in the Hamiltonian. The program takes full advantage of this by only computing the potential-energy derivatives numerically, and adding these to the analytically calculated second derivatives of the remaining energy terms.

There is a significant speed advantage associated with this approach as, at each finite-difference step, only the potential-energy term needs to be calculated. This term requires only three-center integrals, which are far fewer in number and much cheaper to evaluate than the four-center, two-electron integrals associated with the electron-electron interaction terms. Readers are referred to Table 9.1 for a full list of the analytic derivative capabilities of Q-Chem.

$molecule 0 1 Te O1 Te r O2 Te r O1 a r = 1.8 a = 108 $end $rem JOBTYPE opt METHOD hf ECP srlc $end @@@ $molecule read $end $rem JOBTYPE freq METHOD hf ECP srlc SCF_GUESS read $end